GerowPPCH06 - General Psychology Chapter 6 Memory Memory...

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General Psychology Chapter 6 Memory
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Memory Put into Maintain Recovery Memory in Memory from Memory ENCODING STORAGE RETRIEVAL
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Sensory Memory Iconic Sensory store associated with vision Echoic Sensory store associated with hearing
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Short-Term Memory STM = Level or store in human memory with limited capacity and, without benefit of rehearsal, of brief duration (about 15-20 sec) Information from sensory memory or from long-term memory can be moved into STM, where we can work with it, (also called Working Memory )
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Duration of STM Rehearsal is repeating information over and over Maintenance rehearsal in STM is the simple repetition of information already in STM
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Capacity of STM Capacity of 7, (+ or – 2), chunks of information
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Long-Term Memory (LTM) Memory for large amounts of information that is held for long periods of time Not known how long information remains stored in LTS
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Long-Term Memory (LTM) Elaborative rehearsal – in LTM refers to thinking about, organizing, and forming images or information to make it meaningful, or relating it to something already in LTS
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Types of Long-Term Memory Declarative memory includes semantic and episodic from which information can be intentionally recalled Vocabulary, concepts, language rules, and facts are stored in SEMANTIC memory . In episodic memory , life events and personal experiences are stored (time-related experiences are stored in chronological order).
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Types of Long-Term Memory Nondeclarative or procedural memory involves the acquisition of, retention and retrieval of, performance skills, like a tennis stroke or a golf swing
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Figure 6.1: A simplified model of human memory.
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This note was uploaded on 10/20/2010 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Wyllie during the Fall '08 term at Delgado CC.

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GerowPPCH06 - General Psychology Chapter 6 Memory Memory...

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