European Civ in World Context

European Civ in World Context - History 040W1/25/2008 The...

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History 040W—1/25/2008 The Old Regime: Absolutism - “Age of Discovery” in the Long Term o Shifted Europe’s economic center away from Mediterranean and toward the Western seaboard o Created spirit of adventure and new confidence o Greatly increased material wealth contributed to turbulence of next centuries? - Absolutism: the “Modern” form of rule o Search for stability o Louis XIV models absolute monarchy o What alternatives were there? Poland, Russia, Britain o Absolutism and military conflict - “L’etat, c’est moi”: Louis XIV and French Absolutism o Epitomizes the Ancien Regime in Europe and a model for other states o Ruler claimed absolute authority over subjects o Divine right of King, or realm as monarch’s property? o Command army, laws, taxes—need a beauracracy - Obstacles to Absolutism o The church o The nobility o Semi autonomous regions o Institutions: parlements, diets, the estates-general - Absolute monarchy as theater: Louis XIV and Versailles o Versailles an elaborate residence outside Paris o Site of a carefully choreographed ritual life of monarchy
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European Civ in World Context - History 040W1/25/2008 The...

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