History 040W 2-8-2008

History 040W 2-8-2008 - History 040W2/8/2008 The French...

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History 040W—2/8/2008 - The French Revolution o A historical watershed: Age of Atlantic Revolutions o Social origins o Other causes o Course of Revolution: from Moderation to Radicalism o Thermidor and reaction - Social origins of the French Revolution o Rigid social structure of France Noble titles are inherited, no built in mobility o Three Estates or Orders First Estate (clergy)—owned most of the land Second Estate (nobility)—owned rest of land Third Estate (commoners) o Economic hardships - Additional factors o Decline of the model of Absolutism No parliament like in Britain Strong regionalism Lack of unified legal system o Financial situation of monarchy Serious crisis—wars all over, basically bankrupt) o Role of Enlightenment criticism o Example of American Revolution - Crisis of the French Monarchy o Debts mounting since Seven Years’ War
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o Louis XIV died 1774, Louis XVI ineffectual o Three ministers attempted reform Key problem for structure—nobles didn’t pay
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History 040W 2-8-2008 - History 040W2/8/2008 The French...

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