History 040W-3-3-2008

History 040W-3-3-2008 - History 040W Ideologies...

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History 040W 3/3/2008 - Ideologies: conservatism o “Legitimacy” and necessity of slow, incremental, managed change o Burke: no “natural” rights, respect for tradition—prejudice is a good thing Ultra conservative Liked British system Hated idea of a constitution—along with other conservatives o Chateaubriand, De Maistre, other French conservatives: return to Catholic Church, reassessment of Gothic o Links with Romanticism? - Liberalism and the Middle Classes o Middle class ideas on politics and economics No property ownership most of their income came from commerce o English “classical economies” Adam Smith (1723-1790) Wealth of Nations—“invisible hand” o Against mercantilism Thomas Malthus (1766-1834) David Ricardo (1772-1823) Malthus said the growth of food will be an arithmetic sequence (adding) but the population grows in a geometric sequence (multiplying) o Not enough food for everyone Ricardo said if the government got involved
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History 040W-3-3-2008 - History 040W Ideologies...

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