History 040W 1-18-2008

History 040W 1-18-2008 - History 040W1/18/2008 The Making...

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History 040W—1/18/2008 The Making of Europe’s World Context - Voyages of Discovery (Voyages of Conquest) o Why did Europeans leave the Mediterranean for the high seas? o What were Portugal’s and Spain’s ambitions as they created empires? o What were the effects? Good or bad? - Europe turns outward o Internal expansion ended by the late 14 th century Disease: bubonic plague Conflicts: division of church Pope fled 15 th century begins with conflict o 15 th century recovery o Portugal and Spain compete for overseas empires, eventually eclipsed by British, French, Dutch o Spices=wealth - Impact of the Mongols o Meteoric rise of Mongol empire under Chingiz (Genghis) Khan o Conquered Southern Russia in 1240, ravaged Eastern Europe Battle of Liegnitz—1241 o Withdrew back to Central Asia for internal political reasons (Khan’s death) - Mongols and Europe o Conquest of China and Central Asia brought the “silk road” and other trade routes under mongol control
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Encouraged Western trades (Genoa)
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History 040W 1-18-2008 - History 040W1/18/2008 The Making...

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