Rockman-Comp. Perspective Unit 2

Rockman-Comp. Perspective Unit 2 - A reasonable presumption...

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A reasonable presumption is that the higher the ratio of central government resources to those of regional and local governments, the greater the leverage of central political leaders. A second form of centralization largely involves the party apparatus that provides the political power the leadership needs to govern. A third form of centralization has to do with the relationship between leaders at the top and their cabinets. In 1981 when Reagan launched his successful campaign to cut deferral taxes, supply-siders believed dollars returned to the private sector would be used to stimulate growth, but state governments increased their own taxes. The macroeconomic effects of his policies were blunted. This is because the U.S. system is more decentralized than most. Centralized part support, which American reformers often see as a panacea for beleaguered presidents, comes at a high price and limits a leader’s pursuit of innovations that may depart from accepted party policies and constituencies. The munificently staffed White House speaks less to the power of the presidency than to its weakness in the face of potentially competing actors within a highly fragmented system. In the American system presidential proposals are just the beginning of a long and uncertain process in Congress. Presidents are more constrained than prime ministers because of the legislature’s independence from the executive.
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2010 for the course PSC 116 taught by Professor Forrestmaltzman during the Fall '08 term at GWU.

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Rockman-Comp. Perspective Unit 2 - A reasonable presumption...

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