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Final Review Sheet F09

Final Review Sheet F09 - HumanSexuality FinalReviewSheet...

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Human Sexuality Final Review Sheet Pregnancy, Conceiving Children & Childbirth (Chapter 11) Know the  Causes & Treatments  for Male and Female  Infertility Female Infertility: Problems with ovulation, increasing age, hormone imbalances, severe vitamin  deficiencies, metabolic disturbances, poor nutrition, genetic factors, emotional stress, or medical  conditions. Can be treated with a variety of medications.  Endometriosis is treated with a  surgical opening. Male Infertility: Abnormalities in sperm number, variocele, STDs, alcohol and drug use,  radiation. Treatment is to ejaculate every other day to increase the concentration or an  intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).  Know the types of  fertility treatments,  the procedures, and their relative success rates   Artificial insemination - Semen is mechanically introduced into the woman’s vagina or cervix. Surrogate mother – A woman who is willing to be artificially inseminated by the male partner of  a childless heterosexual or gay couple. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) – The ovaries are stimulated by hormonal fertility drugs to  produce multiple ova. Eggs and sperm are combines in a petri dish. Success rate is 30%. Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) – IVF but transfer fertilized ova to fallopian tube rather  than uterus.  Best success rate. Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) – The sperm and ova are placed directly in the fallopian  tube, where fertilization normally occurs.  Abortion : Know the  types  of abortion procedures & when they are performed Medical abortion – The use of medication to end a pregnancy of 7 weeks or less. Suction curettage – The cervical os is dilated using graduated metal dilators or a laminaria. 7-13  weeks past pregnancy.
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