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Unformatted text preview: Film Studies Midterm Review Introduction Drama vs. Cinema • Shot as unit of meaning (vs. scene) – In drama, a scene is 2-5 minutes long. In cinema, a scene is 10-15 seconds long. • Time (shots are only 5-15 seconds) – There are flashbacks and flash forwards made through obvious transitions. • Space (closed vs. open space) architecture and nature – In drama the space is closed and the spectator is fixed in relation to objects and the actors on stage. In cinema the space is open and there are establishing shots. The perspective of the camera is mobile which means the spectator is able to move with the camera. • Sound • Drama: actors and audience has more control than in cinema Key Theme of Course • (Directorial) choice, (directorial control of actors) Levels of Analysis • Technique, Narrative, Theme (and Theory) Hitchcock, Film Form, and Cinematography Film Form • Patterns: Repetition and Variance, Development/ Compare beginning with End, Coding the form of Narrative ABA’ (R. Window) – Repetition is the return of an element without any change, whereas variance is the return of an element with significant changes. (An example is Rear Window pan/ tilt shot, ABA’ in end of Rear Window). • Segmentation (choosing scenes to interpret) – The process of dividing a film into parts for analysis. Camera Techniques • deep focus vs. shallow focus – Deep focus is a use of camera lens and lighting that keeps the objects in both close and distant planes is sharp focus. (Welles Touch of Evil, 1956). Shallow focus is a restrictive depth of field, which keeps only one plane in sharp focus. (Walter Selles’ Central Station, 1998) . • long vs. medium. vs. close-up shots – Long shots make the figure small and the whole human body is shown. (End of Rear Window ). Medium shot is a framing in which the object shown is a moderate size. The human figure is shown from approximately the waste up. (End of Rear Window ). Close shot makes the figure look relatively large and the figure is shown from the neck up. (End of Rear Window ). • Camera Movement (pan, tilt, tracking/dolly,crane/boom, handheld) o Pan – The movement of the camera from side to side (Rear Window). o Tilt – The movement of the camera up and down (Rear Window). o Tracking/ dolly – A mobile framing that travels through space forward, backward or laterally. (Rear Window). o Crane – A shot with a change in framing accomplished by placing the camera above the subject and moving through the air in any direction (Rear Window). o Handheld – The use of the camera operator’s body as a camera support. ( • Point-of-view shots (POV) – A shot taken with the camera placed approximately where the character’s eyes would be, showing what the character would see. Usually cut in before or after the shot of the character looking. (Rear window looking at Thorwald through Jefferies’ eyes)....
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- Spring '08
- Rear Window, Film editing