INTD200 Midterm.docx - � � INTD 200 Midterm � � — Terms...

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· · INTD 200 Midterm · · — Terms — Millennium Development Goals - 2000-2015 - 8 goals; very broad o 1. Eradicate hunger and povertyo o 2. University primary educationo o 3. Promote gender equality & empower womeno o 4. Reduce child mortalityo o 5. Improve maternal healtho o 6. Combat hiv/aids, malaria, and other diseaseso o 7. Ensure environmental sustainabilityo o 8. Global partnership for development - Multidimensional approach - Top-down approach (focuses on the general, the whole) - Failed to engage with human rights advocates and NGOs - Didn't address inequality/human rights agendas - Didn't target most marginalized - Wasn't very successful Sustainable Development Goals - 2016-2030 - The goal: these things must be considered a right, not a gift - Human rights-based approach keeps HR at center - Significance of SDG 6: access to clean water and sanitation (lack of toilets that people want to use; causes fully preventable disease) - 17 goals now - Integrates economic/social development with environmental sustainability - Coherent/transformative agendas should influence effective change - More participative - Multi-stakeholder partnerships - More of a multidimensional approach (Human Dev) - Very ambitious still - No legally binding obligations - Lack of resources - Contextual factors - Doesn't factor in discrimination Colonial legacies - Long-lasting effects of colonialism on post-colonial states o Racial categorization o Bureaucracyo Dependency of former colonies on colonial economy version x 1 / 14
o Disparity in power o Inheritance of modern systems/institutions from former colonial powers = foundations for post-colonial states Three institutions of power - Three institutions of power - Map, census, and museum o Linkage between nationalism and modern technologies (colonial inheritance) o Map: Geobody Making an imagined geobody into something real o Census: Imposition group categories Construction of racial categories defined by the British colonial masterso Inheritance of racial categories by post-colonial states (Malaysia and Singapore) o Museum: Exhibition of local history, traditions, and tribal custom (simplified, redefined, and rewritten) Demonstration of colonial power and cultural supremacy in terms of defining histories and local traditions Strengthened the modern-primitive binary Indirect rule - It was a system of colonial administration, mainly British, by which colonial powers ruled through local chiefs. The concept was not new, as it stemmed from the fact that great African empires had been run this way too. The Asante for instance ruled their conquered territories via local indigenous chiefs. The Dutch absorbed native dynasties and ruled the Dutch East Indies using them. - Major shift from "direct rule" (assimilation) to "indirect rule" (management of differences) in British colonies - Indirect rule as protecting natives o Rhetoric of 'protection'o Reality = establishing unchallengeable colonial legitimacy and hegemony o Institutionalization of "difference", "traditions", and "customs" Social Darwinism - Colonialism based on evolutionist view of human society -

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