Class10_Attention_forweb - Psyc 1101 Attention June 22,...

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Psyc 1101 Attention June 22, 2010
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Class Outline Quiz Review Review Operant Conditioning What is attention?
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Office Hours This Week Moved to Friday at 1:00
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Quiz Review US (Offering Mint) UR (Reaching Out Hand) CS (Computer Sound) CR (Reaching Out Hand) Note: UR and CR are always the same response, but they are not always identical. Also, this is an unconscious process.
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Little Albert Stimulus Generalization?
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Class Outline Quiz Review Review Operant Conditioning What is attention?
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Classical vs. Operant Conditioning Classical Conditioning -passive, associational process, does not take into account consequences of behavior. Operant/Instrumental Conditioning -consequence of behaviors determine likelihood that the behavior will be performed in the future. REFLEX VOLUNTARY
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Thorndike’s Puzzle Box Law of Effect: A response followed by a reward will be strengthened, a response followed by no reward will be weakened.
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BF Skinner (1904-1990) Picks up from Thorndike Importance of Reinforcement Develops Skinner box
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Contingency and Timing of Reinforcers Contingency -Reward needs to be dependent upon behavior. -In absence of contingency, behavior wanes. Timing -Reinforcement works best (i.e. increases chance of similar response) when reward is immediate. The reverse is true for punishment.
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Operant Conditioning Terms Primary or Secondary Reinforcement Punishment Positive Negative Positive Negative
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Examples? Positive Reinforcement Negative Reinforcement Positive Punishment Negative Punishment
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Schedules of Reinforcement Continuous Partial Fixed Variable Interval Ratio Interval Ratio
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Schedules of Reinforcement: Examples? Fixed Interval Fixed Ratio Variable Interval Variable Ratio
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Class Outline Quiz Review Review Operant and Classical Conditioning Attention
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James on Attention “Millions of items of the outward order are present to my senses which never properly enter into my experience. Why? Because they have no interest for me. My experience is what I agree to attend to . Only those items which I notice shape my mind - without selective interest, experience is an utter chaos.” -William James
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James on Attention “Every one knows what attention is. It is the taking possession by the mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what seem several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought. Focalization, concentration, of consciousness are of its essence. It implies withdrawal from some things in order to deal effectively with others, and is a condition which has a real opposite in the confused, dazed,
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2010 for the course PSYCH 1101 taught by Professor Tomhutcheon during the Summer '10 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Class10_Attention_forweb - Psyc 1101 Attention June 22,...

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