Class13_Thinking+and+Intelligence

Class13_Thinking+and+Intelligence - Psyc 1101 Intelligence...

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Psyc 1101 Intelligence July 1, 2010
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Class Outline Quiz Finish up discussion of memory Biology of memory Intelligence Testing and the Psychometric Approach Evaluation of the Psychometric Approach Different Forms of Intelligence? Cognitive Processes underlying intelligence Genes and the Environment
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Quiz!
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Class Outline Quiz Finish up discussion of memory Biology of memory Intelligence Testing and the Psychometric Approach Evaluation of the Psychometric Approach Different Forms of Intelligence? Cognitive Processes underlying intelligence Genes and the Environment
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3 Main Types of Memory Sensory Memory -memory for sensory information that is stored briefly close to its original form (< 1 second). e.g. Partial Report Short term/Working Memory -Limited capacity system that hold information in awareness for a brief period (< 30 seconds) e.g. Magic number 7 +/- 2 Long term memory -Relatively permanent storage of information. For our purposes, it’s all about capacity and duration.
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Serial Position Curve Serial Position 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 Percentage Recall 0 20 40 60 80 100 List Length 20 List Length 30 List Length 40 Murdock (1962) Recency Effect Serial Position Curve Primacy Effect
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Serial Position Curve Recap Primacy effect reflects items that have been encoded into long term memory. Recency effect reflects items that have not yet decayed in working memory. Increasing list length has no effect on Recency or Primacy Increasing time between end of list and recall wipes out Recency Effect.
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Long Term Memory Relatively permanent storage of information. Duration: Infinite Capacity: Infinite 2 main types: -Explicit -Implicit
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Sensory Memory STM Long Term  Memory Explicit Memory Implicit Memory Semantic Memory Episodic Memory Procedural Memory Priming
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Explicit vs. Implicit Explicit Processes involved when people remember specific information. Conscious access Implicit System underlying unconscious memories.
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Subsets of Explicit Memory Episodic: Memory for past experiences. -e.g. Celtics Semantic: Memory for knowledge about the world. -e.g. I used to be able to name all D-I football team mascots.
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Subsets of Explicit Memory Priming complete the following word: _ R U _ _ Change in response to or ability to identify a stimulus as a result of prior exposure to that stimulus.
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Procedural Innate knowledge in the absence of awareness of having a memory. -How do you tie your shoes?
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Class13_Thinking+and+Intelligence - Psyc 1101 Intelligence...

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