Electromagnetic Waves and Antennas

Electromagnetic Waves and Antennas - Electromagnetic Waves...

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Unformatted text preview: Electromagnetic Waves and Antennas Electromagnetic Waves and Antennas Sophocles J. Orfanidis Rutgers University To Monica and John Contents Preface xiv 1 Maxwells Equations 1 1.1 Maxwells Equations, 1 1.2 Lorentz Force, 2 1.3 Constitutive Relations, 3 1.4 Boundary Conditions, 6 1.5 Currents, Fluxes, and Conservation Laws, 8 1.6 Charge Conservation, 9 1.7 Energy Flux and Energy Conservation, 10 1.8 Harmonic Time Dependence, 12 1.9 Simple Models of Dielectrics, Conductors, and Plasmas, 13 1.10 Problems, 21 2 Uniform Plane Waves 25 2.1 Uniform Plane Waves in Lossless Media, 25 2.2 Monochromatic Waves, 31 2.3 Energy Density and Flux, 34 2.4 Wave Impedance, 35 2.5 Polarization, 35 2.6 Uniform Plane Waves in Lossy Media, 42 2.7 Propagation in Weakly Lossy Dielectrics, 48 2.8 Propagation in Good Conductors, 49 2.9 Propagation in Oblique Directions, 50 2.10 Complex or Inhomogeneous Waves, 53 2.11 Doppler Effect, 55 2.12 Problems, 59 3 Propagation in Birefringent Media 65 3.1 Linear and Circular Birefringence, 65 3.2 Uniaxial and Biaxial Media, 66 3.3 Chiral Media, 68 3.4 Gyrotropic Media, 71 3.5 Linear and Circular Dichroism, 72 3.6 Oblique Propagation in Birefringent Media, 73 3.7 Problems, 80 vii viii Electromagnetic Waves & Antennas S. J. Orfanidis June 21, 2004 4 Reflection and Transmission 86 4.1 Propagation Matrices, 86 4.2 Matching Matrices, 90 4.3 Reflected and Transmitted Power, 93 4.4 Single Dielectric Slab, 96 4.5 Reflectionless Slab, 99 4.6 Time-Domain Reflection Response, 107 4.7 Two Dielectric Slabs, 109 4.8 Reflection by a Moving Boundary, 111 4.9 Problems, 114 5 Multilayer Structures 117 5.1 Multiple Dielectric Slabs, 117 5.2 Antireflection Coatings, 119 5.3 Dielectric Mirrors, 124 5.4 Propagation Bandgaps, 135 5.5 Narrow-Band Transmission Filters, 135 5.6 Equal Travel-Time Multilayer Structures, 140 5.7 Applications of Layered Structures, 154 5.8 Chebyshev Design of Reflectionless Multilayers, 157 5.9 Problems, 165 6 Oblique Incidence 168 6.1 Oblique Incidence and Snells Laws, 168 6.2 Transverse Impedance, 170 6.3 Propagation and Matching of Transverse Fields, 173 6.4 Fresnel Reflection Coefficients, 175 6.5 Total Internal Reflection, 177 6.6 Brewster Angle, 183 6.7 Complex Waves, 186 6.8 Oblique Reflection by a Moving Boundary, 196 6.9 Geometrical Optics, 199 6.10 Fermats Principle, 202 6.11 Ray Tracing, 204 6.12 Problems, 215 7 Multilayer Film Applications 217 7.1 Multilayer Dielectric Structures at Oblique Incidence, 217 7.2 Lossy Multilayer Structures, 219 7.3 Single Dielectric Slab, 221 7.4 Antireflection Coatings at Oblique Incidence, 223 7.5 Omnidirectional Dielectric Mirrors, 227 7.6 Polarizing Beam Splitters, 237 7.7 Reflection and Refraction in Birefringent Media, 240 7.8 Brewster and Critical Angles in Birefringent Media, 244 7.9 Multilayer Birefringent Structures, 247 7.10 Giant Birefringent Optics, 249 www.ece.rutgers.edu/ orfanidi/ewa ix 7.11 Problems, 254 8 Waveguides 255 8.1 Longitudinal-Transverse Decompositions, 256...
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2010 for the course ECE 613 taught by Professor Teixeira during the Fall '10 term at Ohio State.

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Electromagnetic Waves and Antennas - Electromagnetic Waves...

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