Bkbd_Development_Piaget

Bkbd_Development_Piaget - Piagets Theory of Development...

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Piaget’s Theory of Development What does a child experience? How do we develop? Focus on cognition--All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, and remembering I. Sensorimotor Stage A. Birth to 2 years Looking, touching, mouthing, grasping Object Permanence--Awareness that objects continue to exist when not perceived B. Can infants think? 1. Evidence? Pacifier study; Magic tricks; Numbers ==> Yes infants can think contrary to Piaget’s early thinking.
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II. Preoperational Stage A. 3-5 years of age Too young to perform mental operations; Conservation--quantity remains the same despite changes in shape B. Egocentrism--Inability to take another’s point of view C. Theory of Mind Realization that people have minds Begin to infer intentions Evidence? 1. Bandaid Study 2. Autism--Imapaired theory of mind Other’s state of mind is no different than their own Lack of “I” or “Me” 3. Age 7 No longer think aloud; Talk to themselves--helps children control their behavior and emotions and master new skills
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III. Concrete Operational Stage A. 6-7 years of age Change in shape does not mean change in quantity Comprehend mathematical transformations and conservation IV. Formal Operational Stage A. 8-12 From Concrete (experience) to Abstract (Imagined realities and symbols) If this, then that V. Criticisms A. The good Human cognition the world over develops in this manner B. The bad More continuous development; Formal logic as less important
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Kholberg: How do we become “moral” beings? How do we develop “moral” reasoning? I. Six stages of moral thinking clustered in three levels A. Preconventional morality: Before age 9 Self-interest dominates; B. Conventional morality: Early adolescence Laws and rules dominate; Social approval C. Postconventional morality: Usually post-adolescence Affirms agreed-upon rights D. Criticisms True: Mature thinking leads to more moral behavior;
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Bkbd_Development_Piaget - Piagets Theory of Development...

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