Bkbd_Envt and behavior - 3 Drug use ==> Peers more...

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Environment and Behavior I. Parental Influence A. Behavioral Genetics 1. Less than 10% of sibling personality similarity is attributable to environment B. Psychology 1. Extreme environmentalism is dangerous--it over-simplifies humanity Question: What aspects of the environment really do matter? II. Evidence A. Prenatal influences B. Experience
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II. Evidence A. Prenatal influences B. Experience 1. Reared rats in solitary versus playground environment RESULTS: Heavier and thicker cortex; Brain increases of 7-10% Synapses mushroomed to over 20% after 60 days! 2. Human evidence Stimulating infant care leads to improved intelligence scores; Mastery of any language in early childhood; no exposure = no mastery; Lack of visual experience early, never gain normal vision MORAL: Use it or lose it
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C. Peer Influence 1. Food choices 2. Language Accent
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Unformatted text preview: 3. Drug use ==> Peers more influential for cooperation, popularity, social interactions ==> Parents more influential for education, discipline, responsibility, orderliness, charitableness, and authority interactions ==> What do we know about Child-Rearing practices? Child-Rearing Practices How do our parenting styles affect our children? I. Parenting Styles A. Authoritarian • Focus on rules and obedience: “Don’t interrupt” “Don’t stay out late” B. Permissive • Focus on children’s desires, few demands, and little punishment C. Authoritative • Combination of demanding and responsive; • Exert control and reason why II. Evidence A. Authoritative==> highest self-esteem, self-reliance, social competence B. Why? 1. Control C. CAUTION: CORRELATION IS NOT CAUSATION!!...
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