Bkbd_History of Psychology

Bkbd_History of Psychology - History of Psychology I....

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History of Psychology I. Structuralism (Wundt, 1879, Liepzig, Germany) Argument: Subject matter of psychology was immediate experience. Goals: 1. Analyze conscious processes into their basic elements--sensations, images, feelings; 2. Discover how these elements are connected; 3. Specify the laws of connection. Method: Introspection = self observation “Expert” = 10,000 observations before self-reports considered valid data;
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II. Functionalism (William James, 1890, USA) Argument: Psychology = the study of the mind as it functions in adapting the organism to its environment. I.e., How do people adapt to their environments? Methods: Introspection, questionnaires and mental tests to provide objectivity
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III. Gestalt Psychology (Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka, Wolfgang Kohler,Germany) Revolt against Wundt Apparent movement is not reducible to simpler sensations Psychology = Study of immediate experience of the whole organism I.e., “The whole is different from the sum of its parts.”
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2010 for the course PGS 101 taught by Professor Blan during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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Bkbd_History of Psychology - History of Psychology I....

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