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Bkbd_Neuroscience and Behavior

Bkbd_Neuroscience and Behavior - I The Nervous System A Two...

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Neuroscience and Behavior I. The Nervous System A. Two types of cells 1. Neurons 2. Glial B. Components II. Communication A. Structure B. Action Potentials C. Synapses III. Common Neurotransmitters A. ACh B. Dopamine C. Serotonin D. Norepinephrine E. GABA IV. The Peripheral Nervous System V. The Central Nervous System VI. The Endocrine System VII. The Brain A. Hindbrain B. Limbic System C. Forebrain D. Association Area
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Neuroscience Basics Two types of cells: 1. Neurons : Specialized to rapidly respond to signals and quickly send signals of their own. 2. Glial : “Glue” together the neural networks and help communication Similarities 1. Myelin Sheath : Let’s some things in and keeps some things out. 2. Cell body : Contains the Nucleus that contains all the genetic information that determines how a cell functions 3. Mitochondria : Structures that turn oxygen and glucose into energy
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How do neurons communicate? I. Structure : Long, thin intertwining fibers allow for communication A. Two types of fibers: 1. Axons : Fibers that carry signals away from the cell body 2. Dendrites : Fibers that receive signals from the axons and carry signals to the cell body.
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