Bkbd_The Greeks

Bkbd_The Greeks - RELATIVITY OF TRUTH SOPHISTS: Truth is...

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PSYCHE = Greek for soul LOGOS = Greek for the study of a subject. ANIMISM : everything in nature is alive ANTHROPOMORPHISM : project human feelings and emotion onto nature; everything contained a spirit or ghost Magic evolved to influence spirits = CONTROL OVER NATURE Psychology
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GREEK RELIGION OLYMPIAN : Gods who resembled upper- class DIONYSIAC-ORPHIC : Soul is a prisoner of the body
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PHYSIS: The primary element THALES: Water ANAXIMANDER : “Boundless” HERACLITUS: Fire PARMENIDES: One or “changelessness” PYTHAGORAS: Numbers DEMOCRITUS: Atom HIPPOCRATES & EMPEDOLCES: water, earth, fire, and air; love strife.
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MONISM: No distinction between the mind and body Pythagoras: full-fledged dualism; Mind is immortal, the sensation is mortal and should be avoided.
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Unformatted text preview: RELATIVITY OF TRUTH SOPHISTS: Truth is subjective SOCRATES: Agreed with Sophists but also promoted introspection PLATO: Ideas are independent of subjectivity Reason Sensation = ignorance REMINESCENCE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE: Rationalism Introspection Nativism ARISTOTLE Sensation is critical to knowledge All things have a purpose There is an Unmover Nature is organized from earth, to plants to humans to the unmover Memory versus Recall Imagination and Dreams Humans are motivated by appetites for knowledge Rationality controls appetites Everything in moderation! EARLY GREEK THOUGHT BROUGHT US OUT OF THE DARK AND INTO THE LIGHT....
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2010 for the course PGS 101 taught by Professor Blan during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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Bkbd_The Greeks - RELATIVITY OF TRUTH SOPHISTS: Truth is...

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