Guest Lecture_Child Development 3-30-10

Guest Lecture_Child Development 3-30-10 - GuestLecture...

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Guest Lecture   March 29  and 30 , 2010
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What is development? What is development? the sequence of age-related changes  that occur as a person progresses  from conception to death  Orderly  Bio-Psycho-Social   Lifelong process
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Why focus on kids? Why focus on kids? Children develop at a very rapid rate Research shows that early experiences set the  trajectory for development Development is cumulative
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Motor Development Motor Development “progression of muscular coordination required for  physical activities” Head-to-foot direction of motor development  ( phalocaudal trend ) Center-outward direction of motor development  ( proximodistal trend ) Advancement thought to be the result of  exploring and experiencing their environment
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Emotional Development Emotional Development ATTACHMENT:   Intense emotional connection that develops between an infant and  caregiver Serves as prototype for all future  social and emotional bonds  First emotional experience? Bonding with caregiver!
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Cupboard theory of attachment : Infant becomes attached to caregiver  because of caregiver’s reward value.  Based on classical conditioning: Unconditioned Association : Feeding (UCS)   Good feelings (UCR ) Pair a neutral stimulus with UCS : Caregiver (neutral) + feeding   Good feelings Then the neutral stimulus becomes the CS: Caregiver (CS)   Good feelings (CR)
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Harry Harlowe tested cupboard theory of attachment worked with rhesus monkeys Baby monkeys were raised with either… terry cloth covered  surrogate mothers wire mesh  surrogate mothers 
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Results:   When given a choice  ALL  baby  monkeys preferred terry cloth  covered surrogates over wire mesh  surrogates,  regardless of which  fed them ! Suggests  CONTACT COMFORT   (pleasant physical  contact) is crucial for  attachment in baby  monkeys and presumably  human infants.
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Later Behavior Mary Ainsworth Studied  infants’ attachment to mother using  STRANGE SITUATION : Mother and infant enter an unfamiliar room. Mom sits down; infant is free to explore. A stranger enters the room and sits in a chair. Mom leaves; infant and stranger remain. Mom returns; stranger leaves. Mom leaves infant alone in the room.
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Guest Lecture_Child Development 3-30-10 - GuestLecture...

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