Psych Disorders Lecture

Psych Disorders Lecture - Psychological Disorders PGS 101...

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Psychological Disorders PGS 101 Lara Pockros 11/24/09
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What is abnormal? One or more of the following criteria. .. 1. Deviance: behavior that deviates from cultural and social norms Transvestic fetishism 2. Maladaptive: behavior that impairs everyday functioning Drug addiction 3. Personal Distress: behavior that causes an individual great personal distress Depression
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Abnormal behavior = disease 18 th century It was previously thought that abnormal behavior was due to demons, witches, and the devil treatment was chants, rituals, and exorcism Medical model encouraged a scientific view and thus better treatment and care for the mentally ill. Medical Model of Abnormal Behavior
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Psychodiagnosis Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) Axis I: Clinical syndromes Alcoholism, Schizophrenia, Hypochondriasis Axis II: Personality disorders or mental retardation Antisocial Personality Disorder, Obsessive-compulsive Personality Disorder Axis III: General medical conditions Diabetes, Arthritis Axis IV: Psychosocial and environmental problems negative life event, inadequate social support Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale scale to rate social, occupational, and psychological functioning
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1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder 2. Phobic Disorder 3. Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia 4. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 5. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Anxiety Disorders
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Anxiety Fear: emotional response, an alarm reaction to present danger or threat Panic: sudden overwhelming fright or terror Anxiety: mood state characterized by negative affect and tension moderate amounts of anxiety are good too much anxiety can lead to problems Yerkes & Dodson (1908)
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Etiology of Anxiety Disorders Biological Factors: moderate genetic predisposition concordance rate (percentage of twins or relatives that exhibit the same disorder) disruption in neurotransmitters (GABA, serotonin) Conditioning and Learning acquired through classical conditioning maintained through operant conditioning Cognitive Factors misinterpret harmless situations, focus on perceived threats Stress high stress may precipitate onset
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder Chronic, high level of anxiety not tied to any specific threat Excessive worry about minor life matters (family, finances, work, etc.) Excessive worry about worry, dread
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Psych Disorders Lecture - Psychological Disorders PGS 101...

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