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Lec 4 Archaeological record and Dating

Lec 4 Archaeological record and Dating - Wed Sept 1 To Do...

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Wed. Sept. 1 To Do List • Archaeological and Paleoenvironmental Record – Important concepts • Chronology • Relative and Absolute Dating Methods • Practice with Dating Methods
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Important Concepts Archaeological Record: all of the evidence, including physical remains of past human activity Paleoenvironmental Record: all of the evidence about the past environment of an area during a given period of its history Context : the written or verbal description of where something is found and how it relates to the surrounding physical environment Provenience : the location of artifacts, features, and deposits in 3-Dimensional space. Ex. GPS cordinates
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Artifacts: Objects manufactured or modified by humans Bone Ceramics Shell Stone Metal
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Ecofacts: unmodified object that becomes part of the archaeological record through human activity, comes from something once living Pollen remains Animal bone: Faunal remains Macrobotanical remains Shell
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Midden
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Shell Beads: Artifact or Ecofact?
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Perishable artifacts: Artifacts subject to decay, spoilage, or destruction
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Features: A non-movable artifact ex. Hearth (firepit), storage pit, postholes, house foundations, walls, irrigation canals, burials
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Archaeological Sites • Spatial concentrations of artifacts, ecofacts, features, structures or other human land modifications • Created by repeated human activity
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  • Fall '08
  • FALCONER
  • Radiocarbon dating, Absolute dating methods, human activity, Seriation • Architectural Dating, Dates organic materials

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Lec 4 Archaeological record and Dating - Wed Sept 1 To Do...

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