Lec 22 Collapse and Assignments

Lec 22 Collapse and Assignments - Cultural transformations...

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Wed. Nov 18 To Do List • What is social and environmental collapse? • Discuss Article Write-Up 4 • Discuss Field Report • Pass out Final Exam Review Sheet
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Collapse • An abrupt failure of function, strength; a breakdown Societal Collapse • decline of a culture, its civil institutions or other major characteristics of it as a society or a civilization, generally permanent. Gradual collapse (e.g. Hohokam) or sudden (e.g. Tiwanaku) Environmental Collapse • How do we define and “environmental collapse”? • An environment no long beneficial for humans? One that is altered from it’s “natural” condition?
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Collapse vs. Transformations • Change is inevitable, but some changes are more dramatic and fraught with suffering than others • Total collapse of a civilization may be rare but they can be severe • Societal transformations are alterations or shifts of subsistence, ideology, economy, etc.
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Unformatted text preview: Cultural transformations are not only common but perhaps also necessary to prevent a devastating collapse Cycles of growth, stability, decline are the norm The trick it to ensure that the declines are not severe Multiple Causes of Collapse Deforestation and habitat destruction Soil problems (erosion, salinization, and soil fertility losses) Water management problems Overhunting and overfishing Effects of introduced species on native species Not enough resources for population demands Increased per-capita impact of people Climate change Build up of toxins in the environment Use of strategies inappropriate for that environment Warfare and conquest Economic failure Human Needs for Survival W A N T S ater ir utrients empurature pace Manilkara zapota sapodilla Haematoxylon campechianum logwood...
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2010 for the course ASB 326 taught by Professor Falconer during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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Lec 22 Collapse and Assignments - Cultural transformations...

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