Lecture 14 Ag Levant

Lecture 14 Ag Levant - Monday, Oct 19 To Do List Pick up...

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Monday, Oct 19 To Do List • Pick up your midterm exam • Announcements • Review exam • Agricultural Impacts in the Levant – Case Study: Ain Ghazal – Shift to Pastoralism
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Environment • Modern environment – Very different from early Holocene – uplands scrub vegetation or scattered pine/juniper – lowlands scrub to no vegetation – Eroded landscapes – Thin soils or exposed bedrock – Gravel pavements in dry areas
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Map
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Environment • Climate – winter or spring/fall rains – summer drought – summers hot, winters mild • Climatic variation – East to West across Mediterranean – Coastal to inland – With elevation
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Environment • Pre-agricultural vegetation – Mixed forest and woodland in most areas – Steppe in driest – Very diverse (over 100 species of plants) • Pre-agricultural soils – Developed slowly
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Chronology Beginnings of domestication of plants and animals, semi-sedentary Movement of domesticated cereals into woodland areas, swidden, Impacts from grazing, impacts from sedentism, larger towns Abandonment of towns by 6000 BC, shift to nomadic pastoralism Return to towns => urban societies, secondary products revolution, agricultural intensification, animal traction, orchards
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Lecture 14 Ag Levant - Monday, Oct 19 To Do List Pick up...

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