Lecture 15 Andes - Wednesday Oct 21 To Do List Pick up your...

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Wednesday, Oct 21 To Do List Pick up your exams, assignments Review of SW Asia Environment Agriculture in the Andes – Case Study: Tiwanaku – Case Study: Moche and Chimú Lesson: Climate change at different scales
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The Andes
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Andean Chronology A.D. 500 to 1200 - Tiwanaku A.D. 100 to 700 - Moche Agriculture well established By these periods A.D. 900 to 1450 - Chimu
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Major ecozones of the Andes
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chala
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yungas
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suni
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The puna or altiplano and the Lake Titicaca Basin
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Tiwanaku
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Case Study: Tiwanaku Located along the southern shore of Lake Titicaca in Bolivia, 13,000 feet (4000 m) above sea level (twice the height of Denver) A.D. 500 to 1200 (at it’s height had as many as 40,000 people, ritual and administrative capital of the state with several smaller cities Tiwanaku artifacts, mostly religious, spread throughout the Andes after its abandonment, it continued to be an important religious site for the local people later it became incorporated into Inka mythology as the birthplace of mankind
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Lake Titicaca and the Altiplano Resource rich environment - fish, wild birds, plants, and herding grounds for camelids, Agriculture important but difficult at this altitude – potatoes, quinoa, tubers Frost and drought would have been a problem for faming – overcome with raised field technology coldest temperatures occur June and July, rainy season concentrating between December and March
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quinoa Oca, ulluco, and potatoes
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Herding Llamas – pack animals Alpacas – textiles
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Waru warus (raised field systems) http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/ 29693- assignment-discovery-ancient-farming- techniquesvideo.
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