Maya-Tarascan Collapse

Maya-Tarascan Collapse - Mon. Nov. 23 To Do List Turn in...

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Mon. Nov. 23 To Do List Turn in Write-up #4 The relationship between social and environmental collapse Case Studies The Classic Maya The Tarascans
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Collapse • An abrupt failure of function, strength; a breakdown Societal Collapse decline of a culture, its civil institutions or other major characteristics of it as a society or a civilization, generally permanent. Gradual collapse (e.g. Hohokam) or sudden (e.g. Tiwanaku) Environmental Collapse • How do we define and “environmental collapse”? • An environment no long beneficial for humans? One that is altered from it’s “natural” condition?
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Environmental Variability Tierra Caliente Tierra Templada Tierra Fria
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Mesoamerica
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Domestication Maize domestication Labor costs vs. caloric returns -increased labor input initially resulted in minimal increased benefit as food source -took nearly 4000 years to get to a point where it was worthwhile to clear land for intensive maize cultivation. - Sedentary villages supported by agriculture don’t appear until about this time (ca. 1500/2000 BC) Other domesticated plants Gourd, squash, chile, beans, avocado, cacao, amaranth, manioc, agave Few domesticated animals
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Maya-Tarascan Collapse - Mon. Nov. 23 To Do List Turn in...

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