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The Secrets of
By Jeremy Hsu By Jeremy Hsu hen Brad Pitt tells Eric Bana in the 2004 ﬁ lm Troy that “there are no pacts between lions and men,” he is not reciting a clever line from the pen of a Hollywood screenwriter. He is speaking Achilles’ words in English as Homer wrote them in Greek more than 2,000 years ago in the Iliad. T he tale of the Trojan War has captivated generations of audiences while evolving from its origins as an oral epic to written versions and, ﬁnally, to several ﬁlm adaptations. The power of this story to transcend time, language and culture is clear even today, evidenced by Troy’s robust success around the world. Popular tales do far more than entertain, however. Psychologists and neuroscientists have recently become fascinated by the human predilection for storytelling. Why does our brain seem to be wired to enjoy stories? And how do the emotional and cognitive effects of a narrative inﬂuence our beliefs and real-world decisions? The answers to these questions seem to be rooted in our history as a social animal. We tell stories about other people and for other people. Stories help us to keep tabs on what is happening in our communities. The safe, imaginary world of a story may be a kind of training ground, where we can practice interacting with others and learn the customs and rules of society. And stories have a unique power to persuade and motivate, because they appeal to our emotions and capacity for empathy. A Good Yarn
Storytelling is one of the few human traits that are truly universal across culture and through all of known history. Anthropologists ﬁ nd evidence of folktales everywhere in ancient cultures, written in Sanskrit, Latin, Greek, Chinese, Egyptian and Sumerian. People in societies of all types weave narratives, from oral storytellers in hunter-gatherer tribes to the millions of writers churning out books, television shows and movies. And when a characteristic behavior shows up in so many different societies, researchers pay behavior shows different researchers attention: its roots may tell us something abo...
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2010 for the course WPC 301 taught by Professor Burns during the Fall '08 term at ASU.
- Fall '08
- The Iliad