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REVIEW QUESTIONS - REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 8 26 How is...

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REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 8 26. How is atomic radius defined? For main-group elements, give the observed trends in atomic radius as you: a) Move across a period in the periodic table b) Move down a column in the periodic table 27. What is effective nuclear charge? What is shielding? 28. Use the concepts of effective nuclear charge, shielding, and n value of the valence orbital to explain the trend in atomic radius as you move across a period in the periodic table. 29. For transition elements, give the trends in atomic radius as you: a) Move across a period in the periodic table b) Move down a column in the periodic table Explain the reasons for the trends in a and b. 32. What is the relationship between the following? a) the radius of a cation and that of the atom from which it is formed b) the radius of an anion and that of the atom from which it is formed 33. What is ionization energy? What is the difference between first ionization energy and second ionization energy? 34. What is the general trend in ionization energy as you move down a column in the periodic table? As you move across a row?
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