Lecture 11 Turkey - TURKEY 10/23/10 1 Accession of Turkey...

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10/23/10 1 TURKEY
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10/23/10 2 Accession of Turkey to the European Union Mustaka Kemal Ataturk was Prime Minister then President of Turkey after the Turkish Revolution. Became a member of the Council of Europe in 1949. Founded in 1949, the Council of Europe was primarily concerned with human rights and cooperation among the Europeans States as regards social, cultural and legal matters.
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10/23/10 3 On April 14, 1987, Turkey submitted its application for formal membership into the European Union. March 6 th , 1995 European Union—Turkey Customs Union is formed December 18, 1989 European Commission refuses Turkey as a member of the EU
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10/23/10 4 The culture of Turkey combines a largely diverse and heterogeneous set of elements that are derived from the Ottoman, European, Middle Eastern and Central Asian traditions.
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10/23/10 5 TURKEY DEMOGRAPHICS POPULATION: 70,413,958 Life Expectancy: 72.62 years
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10/23/10 6 ETHNIC GROUPS: 80% Turkish 20% Kurdish RELIGION 99.8% Muslim Mostly Sunni 0.2% other- Mostly Christian and Jews
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10/23/10 7 After World War I, the victorious Allies tried to take control of the Anatolian territory, leading to the Turkish war of Independence from 1918-23. Under Kemal Ataturk, the Turkish Nationalists emerged victorious and established the Republic of Turkey in 1923, formally recognized by the treaty of Lausanne.
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10/23/10 8 Ethnic Kurds compose a significant portion of the population in Turkey There are Kurds living all over Turkey, but most live to the east and southeast of the country, from where they originate. The republic of Turkey's treatment of its citizens of Kurdish ethnicity has been a frequent subject of international criticism.
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10/23/10 9 THE IMPORTANCE OF HONOR IN THE TURKISH SOCIETY Honor or namus , is the dominate value of the traditional social system and is maintained by the men of the family They were responsible for the sexual behavior of the women. Muslim view of women as highly sexual creatures who would lead men astray if not separate.
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10 While the power of honor as a value has decline with industrialization and urbanization throughout the region It maintains a strong hold on family relationships and relationships between the sexes, particularly in the rural areas . Lost honor can only be restored through actions, sometimes violent, that are recognized by the community. For contemporary, middle class, urban dwellers in
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Lecture 11 Turkey - TURKEY 10/23/10 1 Accession of Turkey...

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