Zabrina_Maultsby Final Draft 2ndPaper Question

Zabrina_Maultsby Final Draft 2ndPaper Question - Zabrina...

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Zabrina Maultsby November 17, 2009 Intro to Philosophy Phil 1301 CRN: 10674 Rousseau critiques certain basic assumptions made by his society. Rousseau critiques the moral benefits of civilization. Provide an exegesis of his criticism. What solutions does he propose? Clearly explain how these solutions will address the shortcomings of his society. Civilization can be defined as the state of condition of persons living and functioning together, jointly, cooperatively so that they produce and experience the benefits of so living and functioning jointly and cooperatively. Based on this definition we can presume that every person who lives within a civilized society benefits from its moral construct. However, Rousseau, in his text, “Discourse on the Origin of Inequality”, challenges this assumption and critiques the moral benefits of civilization. He argues that the morality imposed by being a member of a civilized society creates inequalities amongst mankind. Rousseau’s centralized critique is that although a civilized society is perceived to be a benefit to mankind, it actually corrupts the pure, compassionate individualistic man and summons the ambitious, competitive, interdependent man. Rousseau builds a compelling dissertation on the creation of these inequalities; beginning with the dissolution of the original state of nature to the construction of social institutions and the morals which currently govern. This essay is intended to address Rousseau’s criticisms of inequality in depth and discuss some of his proposed solutions that will address the inadequacies of these social constructs. For Rousseau, the state of nature was associated with man in a world void of social interactions and language he thought human nature as good. His theory states that society is the corrupting force that transforms ‘natural man’ into the self-obsessed beast. For Rousseau, the ‘State of Nature’ is much more than just a removal of government, it is the removal of all ‘cultural clothes’ including beliefs, language and even an understanding of ourselves. At this level of development Rousseau believed that self-love and pity are the only sentiments that
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Zabrina Maultsby November 17, 2009 Intro to Philosophy Phil 1301 CRN: 10674 remain in our nature; that we are solitary, and have no desire for power because there would be nobody to have power over. Therefore man did not compare themselves with each other or
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Zabrina_Maultsby Final Draft 2ndPaper Question - Zabrina...

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