101909a - numbers y Subshell described by a set of two...

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Properties of Wavefunctions y Wavefunctions are amplitudes of waves, which can either be positive or negative. y Specific wavefunctions for atoms are called orbitals. y Have a probability distribution along a line and a radial distribution along a particular radius.
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1s Orbital
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All s Orbitals of Hydrogen
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p Orbitals
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d Orbitals
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f Orbitals
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Quantum Numbers y Principal quantum number – relates to the size and energy of the orbital; distance from the nucleus y Angular momentum quantum number – relates to the shape or type of orbital y Magnetic quantum number – relates to the orientation of the orbital in space y Electron spin quantum number – relates to the spin orientation of the electron
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Electron Spin
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Quantum Numbers and What They Mean
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Definitions y State- described by a set of four quantum numbers y Orbital- described by a set of three quantum
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Unformatted text preview: numbers y Subshell- described by a set of two quantum numbers y Shell- described by a single quantum number Definitions y Degenerate States- states with the same energy; within the same subshell y Ground State- the lowest energy state y Excited State- any state other than the ground state y Energy- is determined by the subshell only y Isoelectonic- has the same number of electrons Which of the following orbitals is not allowed? 2s 3p 4f 2d 12% 61% 10% 17% 1. 2s 2. 3p 3. 4f 4. 2d The maximum number of orbitals associated with the set of quantum numbers n = 3, l = 2, m l = -2 is: 1 2 3 3% 21% 41% 35% 1. 2. 1 3. 2 4. 3 The shape of an atomic orbital is given by the quantum number: ms ml l n 8% 10% 64% 19% 1. m s 2. m l 3. l 4. n...
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2010 for the course CHEM 105A taught by Professor Bau during the Fall '04 term at USC.

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101909a - numbers y Subshell described by a set of two...

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