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Unformatted text preview: HP Bitches # 191-202 191. Avenues for Prevention of H IV/AIDS = • HIV risk assessment and risk-reduction counseling, • HIV testing and counseling, • Partner notification and referral services, • Education on sexual behavior changes and safer sex methods, • Support of medication adherence for those with HIV/AIDS, • Screening for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), • Education on high-risk substance-use behaviors and harm reduction practices, • Screening for drug and alcohol abuse and when appropriate, referring for substance abuse treatment, • Psycho-educational and support groups, and discussing healthy lifestyle choices. • The use of condoms 192. Injection drug use and HIV/AIDS = • Shared equipment for using drugs can carry HIV and hepatitis, and drug and alcohol use is linked with unsafe sexual activity. • Infected blood can be drawn up into a syringe and then get injected along with the drug by the next user of the syringe. This is the easiest way to transmit H IV during drug use because infected blood goes directly into someone's bloodstream. • H I V can survive in a used syringe for at least 4 weeks . If you have to re-use equipment, you can reduce the risk of infection by cleaning it between users. If possible, re-use your own syringe. I t still cleaning it between users....
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- Fall '05
- Human sexual behavior, Personal life, Harm reduction