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hpfinal studyguide - 141. Psychiatric disorder A...

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141. Psychiatric disorder A Psychiatric Disorder refers to a psychological or behavioral pattern that occurs in an individual that causes distress or disability that is not expected as part of normal development or culture. –There is recognition and understanding that mental disorders have changed over time and across cultures. –Definitions, assessments, and classifications can vary, but guideline criteria are listed. –In many cases there is no single accepted or consistent cause of mental disorders 142. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) A Big Book. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision, DSM-IV- TR (2000) published by the American Psychiatric Association Used to diagnoses psychiatric disorders. United States primarily uses DSM-IV-TR 143. epidemiology of psychiatric disorders How do Psychiatric disorders affect Public Health? –Disorders effect disease and mortality rates –Disorder effect public health expenses –Disorders effect present policy and the economy –Disorders shape future policy and the economy –Disorders impact housing and facilities development (e.g. inpatient care and treatment) –Disorders also impact the protection of human rights (e.g. child abuse, violence/crime) Refers to incidence, distribution and control of disease in a given population About 450 million people suffer from mental and behavioral disorders 5 of 10 leading causes of disability and premature death are psychiatric conditions 144. depression When a person has a depressive disorder, it interferes with daily life, normal functioning, and causes pain for both the person with the disorder and those who care about him or her. Depression is a common but serious illness, and most who experience it need treatment to get better. Depression is best known example of psychiatric disorder --> mood disorder Characterized by significant, persistent sadness, loss of interest in pleasurable daily activities, low self-worth, thoughts of death Depression is #1 cause of disability worldwide and is estimated to effect 340 million people worldwide Depression is projected to account for 33% of all neuropsychiatric conditions worldwide by
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hpfinal studyguide - 141. Psychiatric disorder A...

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