Hybridization_review (3)

Hybridization_review (3) - Hybridization Review One s and 3...

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1 Hybridization – Review One “s” and 3 “p” orbitals combine in varying proportions to form hybrid orbitals (sp, sp 2 , and sp 3 orbitals). The hybrid orbitals are used to form bonds. s orbital shape: p orbital shape: sp, sp 2 ,andsp 3 orbital shape: Hybridization Method of orbital formation The central atom is bonded to ____ things* Geometry of the central atom Examples – Lewis structure Examples – molecular orbital structure sp 3 s + p + p + p 4 Tetrahedral H C H H H methane sp 3 H H H H N H H H ammonia sp 3 H H H * thing = atom or lone pair
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2 Hybridization Method of orbital formation The central atom is bonded to ____ things* Geometry of the central atom Examples – Lewis structure Examples – molecular orbital structure sp 2 s + p + p (one p orbital is left over, unhybridized 3 Trigonal planar CC H H H H CC H H H H top view side view ethylene sp 2 sp 2 H H H H side view CC blue: sp 2 orbitals (at 120° to each other) on C form sigma ( σ ) bonds with the H's red :porb ita ls(oneoneachC)over
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2010 for the course SCIENCE 2776 taught by Professor Dr.alisonflynn during the Fall '10 term at University of Ottawa.

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Hybridization_review (3) - Hybridization Review One s and 3...

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