Chapters 10 & 11 Rape/Sexual Assault A legal term defining the crime of a person having sexual relations with another person under the following circumstances: Against a person's consent While the person is unconscious While the person is under the influence of alcohol or drugs If the person is feeble-minded or insane If the person is a child who is under the age of consent as fixed by statute Info regarding sexual assaults 80% know the person who assaults them. Approximately 23% of sexual assaults of all adults are reported to the authorities. College assaults reported to police less than 12% of the time The widely held stranger rape (man jumps from behind bushes) accounts for less than 20% of all cases. Almost 70% of victims did not suffer physical injury. Statistics An assault occurs every 92 seconds 60,000 children 80,000 inmates 321,500 Americans 12 years or older Ages 16-19 are most vulnerable 99.5% won’t serve jail time Only 23% are reported Less than half of those reported lead to arrest Only 9 get referred to prosecutors Five will be prosecuted 4.6 will see jail time Most vulnerable for women are 12-34 years old One in 5 victims are women, one in 71 are men 90% female 1 in 4 girls, 1 in 6 boys (before 18) Annually, sexual assault costs the US $450 billion 20,300 military assaults Campuses 20% women 6% men 90% do not report assault
Types of sexual assault: Non-stranger (acquaintance) rape & brief encounter rape Spouse or partner rape Male rape Sexual assault of gays and lesbians Child sexual abuse Sexual assault of older or disabled adults Gang rape Sexual harassment and nonviolent coercion Non-stranger (Acquaintance) Rape 98% of non-stranger rapes do not involve a weapon. The use of alcohol and drugs during non-stranger rape is very common. One of the reasons for the societal stereotype that all rapes are violent is the unwillingness of victims to report non-stranger rape. Non-stranger rape victims are more likely to be blamed and to have their entire past sexual history scrutinized, so they feel re-victimized. Male rape Male rape is any sexual act in which a male is forced to participate without that person’s consent. Highly underreported. More than 2.78 million cases of male rape have occurred. Sexual assault of males is more likely to involve weapons, physical injury, force, and multiple sexual acts, and are more likely to be gang rapes. Sexual assault of gays and lesbians Sexual assault of gays and lesbians includes any sexual act in which a lesbian, gay, bisexual, transvestite, or transgender person is forced to participate without that person’s consent. Homosexuals are not immune to sexual assaults. Approximately 10% of hate crimes against gay men and lesbians include sexual assault.
Child sexual abuse Child sexual abuse includes two separate statutes depending on the severity: Sexual assault of a child Indecency with a child 15% of all rapes occur before the victim is 12 years old.
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- Spring '18
- assault, child sexual abuse