Chpt 24 Outline The New Deal Experiment, 1932.1939

Chpt 24 Outline The New Deal Experiment, 1932.1939 - The...

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The American Promise , 4 th edition Chapter 24 Outline The New Deal Experiment, 1932-1939 I. Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Patrician in Government A. The Making of a Politician 1. Born in 1882, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was raised to strive for the high-minded doctrines of public service and Christian duty to help the poor and weak. 2. After a two-year stint in the New York legislature, he ascended to national office when Woodrow Wilson appointed him assistant secretary of the navy. 3. During the summer of 1921, Roosevelt was infected with the polio virus, paralyzing both his legs. 4. While visiting a polio therapy facility in Warm Springs, Georgia, Roosevelt courted southern Democrats and became a rare political creature: a New Yorker from the Democratic Party's urban and immigrant wing with whom whites from the Democratic Party's entrenched southern wing felt comfortable. 5. Roosevelt won New York's 1928 gubernatorial election and used his position to showcase his leadership and his suitability for a presidential bid. 6. Roosevelt believed government should intervene to protect citizens from economic hardships, rather than wait for the laws of supply and demand to improve the economy. 7. In 1931, Roosevelt created the Temporary Emergency Relief Administration ( TERA ), the highlight of Roosevelt's efforts to relieve the economic hardships of New Yorkers. 8. To his supporters, Roosevelt seemed to be a leader determined to use the resources of the government to attack the economic crisis without deviating from democracy or from capitalism. B. The Election of 1932 1. Democrats convened in Chicago in July 1932 to nominate their presidential candidate; opposition to Republicans and hunger for office united Democrats, but the party remained divided by religion, region, culture, and commitment to the status quo. 2. When Roosevelt accepted the Democratic nomination, he stated his determination to govern decisively and pledged himself to “a new deal for the American people,” but few details about what Roosevelt meant by a “new deal” emerged in the presidential campaign. 3. Roosevelt won in a historic landslide; his victory represented the emergence of what came to be known as the New Deal coalition, attracting support from farmers, factory workers, immigrants, city folk, African Americans, women, and progressive intellectuals. 1
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II. Launching the New Deal A. The New Dealers 1. In order to design and implement the New Deal, Roosevelt needed ideas and people; Harry Hopkins and Frances Perkins, both activists from the social gospel tradition and veterans of Roosevelt's New York governorship, became two of the most important new cabinet members. 2. No New Dealer was more important than the president himself and his wife, Eleanor, who became the New Deal's unofficial ambassador. 3.
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Chpt 24 Outline The New Deal Experiment, 1932.1939 - The...

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