二3408655247

二3408655247 - CHAPTER TWO: THE EVOLUTION OF...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER TWO: THE EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT THEORY OVERVIEW OF CHAPTER In this chapter, how management thought has evolved in modern times and the central concerns that have guided ongoing advances in management theory are explored. First, the classical management theories that emerged around the turn of the twentieth century are examined. Next, behavioral management theories developed before and after World War II are examined, and then management science theory, which developed during the second World War. Finally, the theories developed to help explain how the external environment affects the way organizations and managers operate are examined. LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Describe how the need to increase organizational efficiency and effectiveness has guided the evolution of management theory. 2. Explain the principle of job specialization and division of labor, and tell why the study of person-task relationships is central to the pursuit of increased efficiency. 3. Identify the principles of administration and organization that underlie effective organizations. 4. Trace the changes in theories about how managers should behave to motivate and control employees. 5. Explain the contributions of management science to the efficient use of organizational resources. 6. Explain why the study of the external environment and its impact on an organization has become a central issue in management thought. A MANAGER’S CHALLENGE: FINDING BETTER WAYS TO MAKE CARS Car production has changed dramatically over the years as managers have applied different principles of management to organize and control work activities. Prior to 1900, small batch production was used, which was very expensive. In 1913, Henry Ford revolutionized the car industry by pioneering the development of mass-production manufacturing . The next change in management thinking occurred in Japan when a Toyota production engineer pioneered the development of lean manufacturing in the 1960s. By 1970, Japanese managers had applied the new lean production system so efficiently that they were producing higher quality cars at lower prices than their U.S. counterparts. In the 1990s, global car companies increased the number of robots used on the production line and began using advanced IT to build and track the quality of cars being produced. In the 2000s, Toyota has continued to pioneer new ways to increase its assembly line efficiency, and other manufacturers are attempting to catch up. Jones, Contemporary Management, Fourth Edition 29
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
CHAPTER TWO THE EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT THEORY LECTURE OUTLINE I. SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT THEORY As the industrial revolution swept through Europe and America, owners and managers of new factories found themselves unprepared for the challenges accompanying the change from small scale crafts production to large factories in which goods were made by sophisticated machines. Bosses began to search for new techniques to manage their organization’s resources,
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/25/2010 for the course MGMT 321 taught by Professor Spears,m during the Fall '08 term at Winthrop.

Page1 / 13

二3408655247 - CHAPTER TWO: THE EVOLUTION OF...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online