Week 4 Recitation_Fall2010

Week 4 Recitation_Fall2010 - B IO 122A Cells and Genetics...

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BIO 122A Cells and Genetics Fall 2010 BIO 122A: Cells and Genetics Recitation Week 4 – October 12, 2010 Goals : 1. Learn the fundamentals of science writing 2. Learn about the parts of a scientific report Materials Due : Next week (Friday, October 22 nd ) you will be submitting a draft of your Results and Discussion sections for review. Prior to Recitation : Read the following three sections to help you in preparing your report. The first discusses scientific writing, and begins to give you an idea of some of the fundamentals you will need to think about when writing your report. The second discusses the parts of the scientific report. Finally, you will find a list of the “Golden Rules of Lab Reports” that will hopefully be helpful to you as you prepare your report. Scientific Writing (Adapted from Morgan and Carter. Investigating Biology. Appendix A: Scientific Writing) Contrary to popular belief, communication is a very important part of science. When you obtain data that support or falsify your hypothesis you will be excited to share your work with your colleagues, especially after all of the work you put into designing good experiments and troubleshooting any problems with those experiments. Initially, you will share your work with your coworkers in class or in lab, or perhaps with colleagues from other labs. Usually, you will first begin sharing your findings through informal or formal oral presentations, or perhaps through written research reports detailing your findings for a supervising scientist. As you progress with your work, you might report your results at a scientific meeting in the form of a poster, or oral presentation. When you have enough results together to submit your work to a scientific journal, you will prepare a final report, called a manuscript, in the relatively standard format required by scientific journals. After submission, manuscripts are reviewed by other scientists, who make a decision about whether the work is acceptable for publication or not. This process, peer-review, is fundamental to science. It ensures that all published work meets a certain standard of quality. Reviewers critically read manuscripts and evaluate whether the authors have made their case effectively. They will review the claims made within the paper and assess whether they believe these claims based on the quality and quantity of the data presented. Reviewers also make suggestions about the clarity of the writing. After review, if a manuscript is deemed acceptable, reviewers commonly ask the manuscript authors to conduct additional experiments, or to edit particular portions of the
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BIO 122A Cells and Genetics Fall 2010 manuscript for clarity before publication. These efforts help to improve the quality of the publication. At every stage in this process, effective and clear communication will help with success as a
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Week 4 Recitation_Fall2010 - B IO 122A Cells and Genetics...

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