commas - Use a comma to set apart an introductory word or...

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Use a comma to set apart an introductory word or phrase. When a sentence doesn't begin with the subject but has instead an introductory word or phrase, a comma must separate the introduction from the rest of the sentence. Despite his best efforts, the hero failed. The comma goes between the introduction and the subject and must not separate the subject from the verb. Introductory elements often consist of prepositional phrases, subordinating conjunctions, participial phrases, or conjunctive adverbs. Phrases that begin with the following words often require a comma if they begin a sentence (this list is not exhaustive): according to besides instead of until After between like when
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although despite once whenever As due to rather than where At even though since wherever Because
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except for though while because of if toward with Before in order to unless without The following words usually have a comma immediately after them when they begin a sentence. Many adverbs that end in -ly and transitions at the beginning of a sentence need to be followed by a comma, too. Finally, a comma must follow an introductory participial phrase. A participle is a verb ending in -ing that acts as an adjective.
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additionally first (second, etc.) likewise otherwise after all furthermore meanwhile presently afterward however namely regardless Again in other words naturally similarly Also in the end nevertheless still Anyway indeed next therefore consequently instead of course thus Finally last on the contrary undoubtedly Participles are often used with the above introductory words, but they can also stand alone. Sitting across the table from me, he asked a question.
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commas - Use a comma to set apart an introductory word or...

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