formation of t-butyl chloride lab

formation of t-butyl chloride lab - David Tsai Formation of...

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David Tsai Formation of t-Butyl Chloride Lab 19 Nov 2009 Purpose: To explore nucelophilic substitution reactions by converting t-butyl alcohol to t-butyl chloride. Variable: Independent- Amount of t-butyl alcohol Dependent- Amount of t-butyl chloride Control- Room temperature Materials: Small reaction vial (3) Hot water setup Ice water setup Beral-type pipet Pasteur pipet (3) Test tube and cork stopper, 15 x 150 mm Copper wire handle Small graduated cylinder t-butyl alcohol Hydrochloric acid, concentrated Magnesium sulfate, anhydrous Ice water Procedure: Add 300 mL of deionized water to a 400 mL beaker. Boil the water by putting the beaker on an immersion heater. Place 2.0 mL (1.6 g) of t-butyl alcohol and 2.0 mL of concentrated HCl in a small reaction vial. Seal the vial and shake the reaction mixture. Attach a copper wire to serve as a handle. Place the reaction vial into the boiling water. Remove the reaction vial after 20 minutes.
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