1-internet-INTRODUCTION TO DIABETES - Phuc Le-Hed44-5155

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Phuc Le-Hed44-5155 INTRODUCTION TO DIABETES Diabetes is a disease that changes the way your body uses glucose (sugar) for energy. People without diabetes have normal blood glucose levels If you don’t have diabetes, your food is digested in your stomach and changed into glucose (a kind of sugar). The glucose travels in your bloodstream to your body cells. Insulin produced by your pancreas allows the glucose to enter your body cells and gives them energy. People with diabetes have blood glucose levels that are too high Your pancreas is not making enough insulin, or the insulin it makes does not work well. Either way, without insulin your cells can’t get the glucose they need. Instead, the glucose builds up in your bloodstream, so the cells 'starve' while the glucose level in the blood rises. When your blood glucose level gets very high, your body gets rid of the glucose and calories through your urine. As a result, you may have one or more of the following signs: Thirst Urinating more than usual Feeling very hungry Losing weight without trying Feeling more tired than usual Sores that heal slowly Dry, itchy skin Losing feeling in your feet, tingling in hands and feet Sexual dysfunction Blurry eyesight Diabetes is a chronic disease Diabetes is a chronic disease. It does not go away, even with treatment. It is also progressive, meaning that if left untreated, it can lead to difficult complications . The good news is that diabetes can be controlled. However, it must be carefully monitored to keep it in control. A treatment plan that works at first may need to be adjusted as time passes to keep your blood glucose in its “target range”, where it should be most of the time. Your health care team will work with you to decide the blood glucose target ranges that are right for you. Type 1 Diabetes In type 1 diabetes (once known as "juvenile-onset diabetes" or "insulin-dependent diabetes"), the body stops producing insulin. About five to 10 percent of people with diabetes have type 1, which usually develops in children or young adults, but can occur at any age. It often occurs in people who are thin or of average weight. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body's own defense (immune) system destroys the beta
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2010 for the course HED Hed44 taught by Professor Owens during the Fall '09 term at Pasadena City College.

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1-internet-INTRODUCTION TO DIABETES - Phuc Le-Hed44-5155

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