ESP10 MT1 Questions and Answers W10 Holyoak, Marcel

ESP10 MT1 Questions and Answers W10 Holyoak, Marcel - ESP...

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ESP 10 Midterm Review Topics Midterm (150 points): These are True/False, Multiple choice and short answer problems. The midterm will be about 40 questions. The breakdown will approximately be: 35 multiple choice and true/false questions (3 points each) 5 short answers (9 points each) Ecological Footprint: 1. What does this measure and what factors contribute to a person's EF? Planets. Travel, food, recycling, transportation, organic goods, electricity, housing, shades, blinds. Human Population Population Growth: 1. Why do we care about population growth? Define carrying capacity. Resource availability: regional populations. Carrying capacity = population size of species that an environment can sustain indefinitely giving food, habitat, water available to the environment. 2. How large is the carrying capacity of the Earth? Does the Earth have one? How is this estimated? No real known carrying capacity of the earth but its been estimated of 8-16 billion human population. We know that there is a “ceiling” – that there is a max that the earth can hold and sustain us for but we don’t know that max. 3. What factors are measured to determine a country’s population growth rate? What does ZPG stand for and what does it signify? Amount of death and birth rates, avg age of reproduction, age structure of population. ZPG – zero population growth. It can be a choice of passage of maintaining population grown. It’s a demographic balance where # of people in population neither grows nor declines. occurs when births + immigration just equal deaths + emigration creating a strong work force that is able to tak e 4. What factors affect population growth? What limits populations and carrying capacity? Resources, food, habitat, technology. 5. Which countries of the world have the largest population growth rates and how do these rates relate to development? Asia and Africa most and urban populations. Population Density: 1. Where are a majority of the world’s populations located? What are some of the highest density regions of the world? Major populations are in India and China. Population Control: 1. Why might a country want to slow it’s population growth? Why might it not want to? How do governments slow fertility rates? How do individuals slow fertility rates? What biological factors slow fertility rate? Overpopulation in relations to resources. To little habitat. It wouldn’t want to because population growth = consumption = money. Smaller families. Educate women, avail of family planning and contraceptives, increase in meidan household income, state mandates (higher income level, use of contraceptives, breast feeding [slows ovulation], steriliation) societal - higher education, income. delaying droof rncyate and frequcy. Demography 1. What is demography? What is demographic transition? What leads a country to undergo demographic transition? Demography – vital statistics about people (birth and deaths) richer countries = negative growth rates , 2. What does an age structure diagram look like for a declining population, and why? What does it look like for a rapidly increasing population and why?
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expanding = pyrimid. demiinishing = upside down fat stomach
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