English 501 Study Guide for Final #1

English 501 Study Guide for Final #1 - Subject person place...

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Subject – person, place, thing, or idea that is “doing” or “being” something…who or what “did” something (noun + verb = subject…Mary gave…) Verb – action of the sentence Auxiliary verb – be, being, been, is, am, are, was, were, have, has, had, might, may, can, could, will, would, shall, should) Modal auxiliaries – can, could, may, might, must, need (to), ought (to), shall, should, will, would Linking verbs – appear, be, become, believe, feel, grow, look, prove, remain, seem, smell, sound, taste, turn Transitive verb – a verb that has a direct object “My father (verb) asked a question” ( subj. + verb + direct obj.) Intransitive verb – a verb that does not take a direct object “The doctor smiled” ( subject + verb) Passive voice – when the action of the verb is performed on the subject (The plane tickets were purchased . Active voice – when the subject of a sentence performs the action of the verb (Kara and Miguel purchased the plane tickets.) Verbals - verb forms that act as adjectives, adverbs, or nouns (known, swimming); it is used with one or more auxiliary verbs (has known, should be swimming) Present participle – a verb ending in –ing (loving, learning, going, writing) Past participle – a verb that ends in –ed (agreed, learned, loved) Irregular past participles – gone, begun, written Direct object – subject + verb + what? or who? = direct object (Mary + gave (who) him) Indirect object – tells to whom or fo r whom the action of the verb is done and who is receiving the direct object (Mary gave a hard time (to whom) him) Clause – a predicate and subject and expresses a proposition (meaning of a sentence that is constant) Adverbial clause – can be used to show time (temporal) or cause (because…) Adjective clause (relative clause) – modify nouns/pronouns and always follow the nouns/pronouns they modify (introduced by that, what, whatever, which, who, whose, whom, whoever, or whomever or by adverbs where or
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English 501 Study Guide for Final #1 - Subject person place...

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