sociology test 1

sociology test 1 - TheSociologicalimagination 17:34...

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The Sociological imagination 17:34 Sociologists do it in groups Groups of humans interacting o Large- nations, continents, planets  o Small- small groups, clubs, countries, etc. How do we study society? o Depends on your theoretical orientation  Can view these through “multiple lenses” Classroom relationship as an example o Variety of methods ranging from experiments to statistics to interviews Sociological imagination An imagination allows us to dream of other possibilities  o “clouds in the sky”  the ability to connect one’s personal experiences to society at large and greater  historical forces use it to make the familiar strange or to question habits or customs that seem natural  to us Focusing the imagination Using Sociological imagination o A different lens o Ignore common sense o Nothing is ever what it seems  o Always ask why
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o True objectivity is not possible  What is social identity Social identity is how individuals define themselves in relation to groups they are a  part of (or in relationship to groups they choose not to be a part of) Humans are social animals  o Instinctually desire to belong to a group o Most importantly we often define ourselves by who we associate with o Not choosing a group is equally important as choosing  o Social identity is most easily seen in the context of school  Institutions like schools, are key factors in developing social identities  o Social institution is a group of social positions, connected by social relations that  perform a social role Ex. Education system  Religion Medicine  Shape us because they make us fall into our role, and they allow it to  happen and foster social identities  Social institutions also have social identities Government reputation School reputation  Social identities are often supported and fostered by social institutions  Plinko effect
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History of Sociology  17:34 Early sociology Auguste Comte- 19 th  century French philosopher, consider a  founder of sociology o Society is better understood by determining the logic or scientific  laws governing  human behavior called “social physics” or “positivism” Positivism- the belief that there is only  one true knowledge. Implying that  humans have core behavior and ideas that can not be changed and through  positivism he is trying to uncover the idea/behavior “uncovering truths”  social physics- implies that the rules of society are hard lined like those of the  non-social sciences  Karl Marx o 19 th  century German philosopher and social critic theory of historical materialism identifies 
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sociology test 1 - TheSociologicalimagination 17:34...

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