Criminal Courts Q & A Response

Criminal Courts Q & A Response - Running head: CRIMINAL...

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1 William Shamblin, CJA 204 August 5, 2010 Kelli Callahan
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2 A courtroom work group is the social organization consisting of the judge, prosecutor, defense attorney, and other court workers. The relationships among these persons have a far- reaching impact on the day-to-day operations of court. The concept of a courtroom workgroup is associated with plea bargaining. It simply means that the prosecutor, defense attorney, and the judicial officer hold meetings and assume the defendant is guilty; they then negotiate a plea bargain with a sentence attached without a trial thereby saving time and expediting the court processes. There are some facts that I would change in regards to the courtroom work group. An offender’s ethnic background and prior criminal record influences the judge ruling. Liberal and conservative judges must be unbiased due to political affiliation. I believed that all sentencing must be based on the crime itself, and other factors should not influence such as demographics and or ethnicity. Even though preeminent in the work group, a judge must still rely on other members of the group. The judge learns the fact of the case as they are presented by the attorneys; therefore if facts are not properly presented the judge is vulnerable in making rulings. The pretrial is an opportunity for the prosecutor and defense attorney to discuss the charges, motions to suppress evidence, motions in limine, and the relative strengths and weaknesses of the case. In some cases, the matter is scheduled for additional pretrial’s to speak with witnesses or review other evidence or legal issues. In many cases, the pretrial will be the first time that the prosecutor makes a plea bargain offer The district attorney remains the utmost authoritarian character in the United States criminal justice system. Their responsibility of a prosecutor is to represent for the government at
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3 trial and prove the offender is guilty of the crime charged and is the work of representing the
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Criminal Courts Q & A Response - Running head: CRIMINAL...

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