Chapter+7-student+version - Cognition Chapter 7 Lecture...

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Cognition Chapter 7
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Lecture Overview Piaget’s Cognitive Theory Sensorimotor Stage- Infant Preoperational Stage- childhood Concrete Operations Stage-childhood Formal Operations Stage-adolescent Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Perspective Similarities/differences in their theories
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Cognitive Development Attention Memory Academic/Everyday knowledge Problem solving Imagination Creativity Language Strategy Use
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Jean Piaget Most influential researcher of cognitive development (CD) Most complete and detailed description of the process of child development. Observed his own children and others Similar age= similar behaviors and mistakes Result of a sequence of development Work has dominated 20 th century C.D. Not uncritically accepted No definitions, controls, scientific?
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Piaget’s Theory Genetic epistemology: the branch of philosophy concerned with the acquisition of knowledge How do we know the world? space time causality Piaget was an interactionist Believed we gain knowledge of the world as a result of our experiences, combined with the maturation of the brain. Viewed children as curious scientists actively exploring their world
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Piaget’s Theory Theory based on his observations of children Of interest the errors children made Worked in Binet’s lab (intelligence tests) Clinical interview methodology One-on-one question/answer session with a child Began with the same question for each child E.g., “Which is your left hand and which is your right hand?” Interview would progress based on child’s answer to the first question; interviewer probes child by asking open ended questions to try to understand the child’s line of reasoning
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Piaget: Key Concepts Intelligence= adaptive thought and action Schemes a.k.a. schemas Operations Adaptation assimilation accommodation
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Piaget: Key Concepts schemas: A re organized patterns of  actions or thoughts that we use to make  sense of our experience. used to process and identify or classify  incoming stimuli Index card analogy (few  many) E.g., concepts or categories Start out w/ behavioral schemas   mental    abstract operations:  organized and integrated  system of thought processes
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Piaget: Key Concepts Cognitive development = the modification of intellectual schemas as the child seeks to understand its world adaptaiotn:  developmental process of  responding to the environment in an increasingly  effective manner. process that is the basis for intellectual growth Involves the continuous process of using the  environment to learn as well as learning to adjust to  changes in the environment 2 processes involved Assimilation Accommodation
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assimilation-
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 2311 taught by Professor Hines during the Spring '10 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Chapter+7-student+version - Cognition Chapter 7 Lecture...

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