Chapter 7 - The Sociology of Sustainable Development

this is what turned their sponsorship of unced into a

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Unformatted text preview: ss groups contributed a significant percentage of the total cost to pay for the Earth Summit. Business and industry are not to be blamed for having sponsored UNCED and taking advantage of it. They were basically profiting from an opportunity offered on a golden plate. However, they must be criticized for double-speak, and for using the Earth Summit as a strategic event without being willing even to consider the profound changes that would be necessary in order to take significant steps toward a sustainable society. Indeed, many of the corporations that paid for the Earth Summit had appalling environmental management records. Perhaps more insidious still, many of these corporations funded anti-environmental lobbying groups in the United States and probably elsewhere. In short, while promoting themselves through the Earth Summit as the solution to the environmental and 238 CHAPTER SEVEN developmental problems, they simultaneously opposed environmental protection standards and legislation at the national and the local levels. . . . This is what turned their sponsorship of UNCED into a greenwashing farce.69 In sum, radicals criticize the conservative approach to sustainable development for focusing primarily on the growth element of SD while glossing over concerns about environmental sustainability and social equity. M A N A G E R I A L S T R AT E G I E S F O R S U S TA I N A B L E D E V E L O P M E N T Managerial approaches to sustainable development can be studied by looking at the programs and actions of national governments and international development agencies. The first part of this section provides an overview of their actions followed by a radical critique of such actions. Following this, we examine an issue that is the target of state and development agencies’ sustainable development efforts: biodiversity conservation. The final part of this section looks to a less controversial project of states and development agencies: finding new ways to measure sustainable development. States’ and International Development Agencies...
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2010 for the course SOSCI INBA6610 taught by Professor Prescott during the Fall '08 term at University of the West Indies at St. Augustine.

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