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Unformatted text preview: ss groups contributed a signiﬁcant percentage of the
total cost to pay for the Earth Summit.
Business and industry are not to be blamed for having sponsored UNCED
and taking advantage of it. They were basically proﬁting from an opportunity offered on a golden plate. However, they must be criticized for double-speak, and for using the Earth Summit as a strategic event without
being willing even to consider the profound changes that would be necessary in order to take signiﬁcant steps toward a sustainable society. Indeed,
many of the corporations that paid for the Earth Summit had appalling
environmental management records. Perhaps more insidious still, many of
these corporations funded anti-environmental lobbying groups in the
United States and probably elsewhere. In short, while promoting themselves through the Earth Summit as the solution to the environmental and 238 CHAPTER SEVEN developmental problems, they simultaneously opposed environmental
protection standards and legislation at the national and the local
levels. . . . This is what turned their sponsorship of UNCED into a
In sum, radicals criticize the conservative approach to sustainable development for focusing primarily on the growth element of SD while glossing over
concerns about environmental sustainability and social equity. M A N A G E R I A L S T R AT E G I E S
F O R S U S TA I N A B L E D E V E L O P M E N T Managerial approaches to sustainable development can be studied by looking
at the programs and actions of national governments and international development agencies. The first part of this section provides an overview of their
actions followed by a radical critique of such actions. Following this, we examine an issue that is the target of state and development agencies’ sustainable
development efforts: biodiversity conservation. The final part of this section
looks to a less controversial project of states and development agencies: ﬁnding
new ways to measure sustainable development.
States’ and International Development Agencies...
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2010 for the course SOSCI INBA6610 taught by Professor Prescott during the Fall '08 term at University of the West Indies at St. Augustine.
- Fall '08
- The Land