Unformatted text preview: “home perspective.”155 Those who promote cultural pluralism assume that one of the reasons cultures have developed differently is because societies have had to develop and adapt to local ecosystems. Thus, a
precursor to cultural pluralism is the freedom to interpret, adapt, and develop
in response to unique ecosystems.156
Successful alternative strategies of achieving sustainable development are
often small, locally based grassroots efforts, not top-down development attempts.157 Rosi Braidotti and colleagues argue “What is becoming increasingly clear is that people marginalized by the development process are carving
out their own paths in solving their problems. . . . [They are] reviving their
old methods of farming, recovering their subjugated knowledges and forms of
local organization. They again grow their indigenous crops to become independent of expensive Western seeds and fertilizers and claim control over their
local forests.”158 A collection of cases from both the MDCs and the LDCs edited by Bron Taylor points out how local struggles against hegemonic and environmentally destructive forces are producing new forms of development.
Taylor calls these movements popular ecological resistance movements and
demonstrates how the basis of such movements is the need for sustainable
livelihoods based on local ecologies.159
Thomas Rudel reports on a case from the tropical rain forests in Esmeraldas, Ecuador that has achieved some success in moving toward sustainable development.160 Esmeraldas is an area of great concern because the tropical
forests of this region are being rapidly deforested. Efforts to reach sustainable
development here work at two levels. First, new sustainable forestry techniques are being implemented. External assistance was brought in from a number of groups, including USAID, which has worked with Ecuadorian
ecologists “who have designed a plan for the sustainable harvesting of wood
. . . in the Cotacachi-Cayapas Ecological Reserve.”161 Second, is the creation
of “civic arenas”—“encompassing organizations...
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2010 for the course SOSCI INBA6610 taught by Professor Prescott during the Fall '08 term at University of the West Indies at St. Augustine.
- Fall '08
- The Land