Chapter 7 - The Sociology of Sustainable Development

in the cotacachi cayapas ecological reserve161 second

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: “home perspective.”155 Those who promote cultural pluralism assume that one of the reasons cultures have developed differently is because societies have had to develop and adapt to local ecosystems. Thus, a precursor to cultural pluralism is the freedom to interpret, adapt, and develop in response to unique ecosystems.156 Successful alternative strategies of achieving sustainable development are often small, locally based grassroots efforts, not top-down development attempts.157 Rosi Braidotti and colleagues argue “What is becoming increasingly clear is that people marginalized by the development process are carving out their own paths in solving their problems. . . . [They are] reviving their old methods of farming, recovering their subjugated knowledges and forms of local organization. They again grow their indigenous crops to become independent of expensive Western seeds and fertilizers and claim control over their local forests.”158 A collection of cases from both the MDCs and the LDCs edited by Bron Taylor points out how local struggles against hegemonic and environmentally destructive forces are producing new forms of development. Taylor calls these movements popular ecological resistance movements and demonstrates how the basis of such movements is the need for sustainable livelihoods based on local ecologies.159 Thomas Rudel reports on a case from the tropical rain forests in Esmeraldas, Ecuador that has achieved some success in moving toward sustainable development.160 Esmeraldas is an area of great concern because the tropical forests of this region are being rapidly deforested. Efforts to reach sustainable development here work at two levels. First, new sustainable forestry techniques are being implemented. External assistance was brought in from a number of groups, including USAID, which has worked with Ecuadorian ecologists “who have designed a plan for the sustainable harvesting of wood . . . in the Cotacachi-Cayapas Ecological Reserve.”161 Second, is the creation of “civic arenas”—“encompassing organizations...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 10/25/2010 for the course SOSCI INBA6610 taught by Professor Prescott during the Fall '08 term at University of the West Indies at St. Augustine.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online