Chapter 7 - The Sociology of Sustainable Development

1 the goal of sustainable development is to maximize

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: SD still does focus our attention on the two great contradictions of the world today: the long-term compromising of the integrity of ecosystems (local as well as global ones) and the tendency toward reinforcement of 225 THE SOCIOLOGY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Ecological system SD Economic system Social system FIGURE 7.1 The Goal of Sustainable Development Is to Maximize Three Systems SOURCE: From Edward B. Barbier, “The Concept of Sustainable Economic Development.” Environmental Conservation, vol. 14, no. 2 (1987): 101–110. Reprinted with permission of Cambridge University Press. the socioeconomic processes of social exclusion of billions of the world’s people. Because of its relevance to spotlighting attention on these two great institutional failures of our epoch, SD allows a range of groups to contest structures and policies and to develop alternative visions of the future.26 Our treatment of sustainable development works from the premise that there are three systems involved in sustainable development that must be resolved: ecological, economic, and social. Barbier asserts that the objective of SD is “to maximize the goals across all these systems through an adaptive process of trade-off.”27 (See Figure 7.1.) In sum, for development to be sustainable, the environment should be protected, people’s economic situation improved, and social equity achieved. Overview of Conservative, Managerial, and Radical Interpretations of Sustainable Development Conservative interpretations can be either anti-sustainable development or pro-sustainable development. On the one hand, conservatives condemn sustainable development because the concept suggests tampering with the freemarket economy. William Sunderlin summarizes this position: “Free market environmentalism” (FME) is the theoretical spearhead of pluralist opposition to sustainable development. . . . According to FME, environmental problems are caused by government interference of the free operation of the...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online