Chapter 7 - The Sociology of Sustainable Development

5 meadows et al 1972 schumacher 1973 lovins 1977

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: rts attempt to gather stakeholders from communities to manage lands and recognizes that trade-offs are inevitable. Their goals are to promote environment, economy, and community; in sum, sustainable development. He provides examples of such groups from Willapa Bay, Washington; Applegate Valley, Oregon; and Blackfoot River Valley, Montana; among others, all communities that are dependent on “nature’s bounty.” Common among the author’s writing of successful efforts to promote sustainable development is a locally based, democratic process that includes collaboration, participation, negotiation, and compromise. Finally, we close this chapter with a quote from Leff who argues that Marxist thought and environmental thought can be reconciled. The quote summarizes the hopes of those who believe that alternatives are possible and necessary: Environmental thought can be inscribed within post-Marxist or postmodernist thought. It defends the specificity of local action (thinking globally, acting locally), the autonomy of social groups, and difference— difference in cultural values, and development styles, and options. It presents new ethical values and a new political culture, but at the same time poses the problem of political efficacy and of the real political power held by environmental groups. Although the defense of autonomy and local difference can be seen as part of the struggle against totalitarianism (against vertical and corporative power structures in traditional political organizations), it also rules out any universal demand other than one claiming the legitimacy of all local demands. Nevertheless, the demand for autonomous spaces as a starting point for the development of alternative local productive projects is part of the larger movement for another kind of material existence based on the integration of multiple development styles.166 C I TAT I O N S A N D N O T E S 1. WCED, 1987. 2. Haedrich and Hamilton, 2000, p. 359. 3. Pearce et al., 1989. 4. Lélé, 1991, p. 610. 5. Meadows et al., 1972; Schumacher, 1973; Lo...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online