Chapter 7 - The Sociology of Sustainable Development

83 examples of programs include assistance to

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Unformatted text preview: and assisting members “to build on the complementarity between poverty reduction and the environment.”80 Examples of environmental loans include improving environmental information systems in Uganda, promoting pollution control efforts in India, and assessing the environmental impacts of energy projects in Colombia.81 While much of the work of the World Bank is focused on “global” problems such as biodiversity, “local” issues are also a central concern of projects. A visit to the World Bank’s website will demonstrate how the Bank is paying increasing attention to the environment with information ranging from the issues of biodiversity conservation, pollution management, and green accounting to explanations of its many initiatives and partnerships with environmental organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund.82 One of the World Bank’s initiative/partnerships is with the Global Environment Facility (GEF). GEF was established in 1990 through a collaboration of the Bank with the United Nations Environmental Program, and the United Nations Development Program to facilitate environmental aid transfers from the MDCs to the LDCs.83 Examples of programs include assistance to national governments to comply with international treaties such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (including Senegal and South Africa), to projects to lower ozone depleting substances (as in Slovenia), to projects for reducing carbon dioxide emissions through the promotion of renewable energy (as in China). GEF funds are often coupled with funds from other development agents. For example, in 1998, GEF coupled US$5 million with US$62.5 million from the International Development Association to fund a national park project in Zimbabwe. The park is intended to promote sustainable development by protecting biodiversity, boosting tourism, and improving opportunities for local communities.84 THE SOCIOLOGY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Population without safe water Percent 100 80 60 241 Urban populatio...
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This note was uploaded on 10/25/2010 for the course SOSCI INBA6610 taught by Professor Prescott during the Fall '08 term at University of the West Indies at St. Augustine.

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