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state and environmental
limited stateenvironmental movements dialogue Open-ended
valuing work Civil Society Anthropocentric Ecocentric/
biocentric Philosophy THE SOCIOLOGY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 229 C O N S E R VAT I V E S T R AT E G I E S
F O R S U S TA I N A B L E D E V E L O P M E N T This section looks at concrete examples of sustainable development projects.
The purpose is twofold: (1) to highlight different types of sustainable development strategies, and (2) to present critiques of the strategies.
Corporate Sustainable Development The Business Council for Sustainable Development prepared an influential
publication on business and the environment, Changing Course: A Global Business Perspective on Development and the Environment, in 1992.40 Changing Course
represents a conservative strategy for sustainable development—one that operates within the boundaries of free-market capitalism. The book opens with
the council’s declaration for sustainable development. “Business will play a
vital role in the future health of this planet. As business leaders, we are committed to sustainable development, to meeting the needs of the present without compromising the welfare of future generations.”41 Over ﬁfty corporations
from around the world, including Germany’s Volkswagen, Japan’s Mitsubishi,
Kenya’s First Chartered Securities Ltd., and Brazil’s Aracruz Celulose, endorse
this declaration. These organizations that comprise the Business Council assembled prior to the Earth Summit to make recommendations to the national
leaders meeting in Rio. Critics of the Business Council argue that a more apt
name for the group would be the Sustainable Council for Business Development because they present themselves “as part of the solution to the global
environmental crisis rather than as part of the problem.”42 Changing Course offers examples and recommendations for managing “cleaner” production and
improving corporations’ environmental records. Interest in...
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- Fall '08
- The Land